1953 Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill

Kratka biografska oznaka
Spletne povezave
Izbrana bibliografija

               SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL

* 30. 11. 1874 Woodstock (Velika Britanija)
† 24. 01. 1965 London (Velika Britanija)

Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, po rodu iz stare konservativne plemiške družine, je svojo življenjsko kariero začel kot vojni dopisnik in postal eden najbolje plačanih angleških časnikarjev. Kmalu se je močno uveljavil v javnosti in presedlal na politiko. Zasedel je številna ministrska mesta, postal prvi lord admiralitete in kot minister za oborožitev imel velike zasluge za zmago v prvi svetovni vojni. Kasneje je v najhujši vojni, kar jih je dotlej doživel svet, kot britanski premier odločal o usodi milijonov vojakov in civilistov. Po zmagovitem zaključku druge svetovne vojne je sledil najhujši poraz v njegovem političnem življenju, ko so ga na parlamentarnih volitvah premagali laburisti, a se ni vdal in je leta 1951 še enkrat zasedel mesto premiera. Leta 1953 je doživel možgansko kap in dve leti kasneje dokončno odstopil. Bil je človek dejanj, zagrizen in vztrajen bojevnik, ki ni izbiral sredstev, ko se je boril za svoje prepričanje. Zadnjih deset let svojega življenja je posvetil pisanju spominov in se ni več vmešaval v politiko. V tem obdobju je v dveh izdajah izšla njegova Druga svetovna vojna (The Second World War, 1948-1953), za katero je leta 1953 prejel Nobelovo nagrado za književnost, in obsežna Zgodovina angleško govorečih narodov (A History of the English-Speaking Peoples, 1956-1958). Prizorišče zgodovine je zapustil januarja 1965, zadnji od »velike trojice« iz druge svetovne vojne. /ML/

Spletne povezave

Videoposnetki

Winston Churchill - Mini Biography
Tom Brokaw on Churchill and the Iron Curtain
Winston Churchill - The British Bulldog
Winston Churchill's Great Declaration (1941)
Now We Are Masters of Our Own Fate (1942)
Mr. Churchill's Call to Scotland (1949)
George Orson Welles o Winstonu Churchillu
The Duke of Windsor Pays Tribute on Churchill's 90th Birthday
Intervju s Paulom Reidom, soavtorjem biografije o Winstonu Churchillu The Last Lion: Winston Spencer Churchill (trilogija, 1983, 1988, 2012)
Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years, 1929-1939
Winston Churchill: The Forgotten Years, 1945-1965

Avdioposnetki

Churchillovi govori (Internet Archive)
BBC avdio arhiv
Churchill: The Legend, The Man (odlomek avdio dokumentarne oddaje o življenju W. Churchilla, ki zaradi spleta okoliščin
nikdar ni bila javno predvajana javnosti)

Druge zanimive povezave

Govor s slavnostne večerje ob podelitvi Nobelove nagrade
The Churchill Centre
Churchill at Chartwell: The World's Only Winston Churchill Bookshop (knjigarna z zbirko prvih izdaj Churchillovih del)
The Churchill Archives Centre (Cambridge University, England)
The Churchill Era: An educational resource (Cambridge University, London)
Winston Churchill (BBC History)
Churchill Society of British Columbia
The Churchill Society, London
Sir Winston Churchill Society of Vancouver Island
Sir Winston Churchill Society of Ottawa

Izbrana bibliografija

Originalne izdaje

PROZA

The Dream
. – [S. l.] (N. H.) : International Churchill Society, 1987 

Savrola : A Tale of the Revolution in Laurania. – London ; New York : Longmans, Green & Co. in Toronto : Copp, Clark & Co., 1900 


G
OVORI

Mr. Brodrick's Army. – London : A. L. Humphreys, 1903 

For Free Trade : A Collection of Speeches Delivered at Manchester or in the House of Commons during the Fiscal Controversy Preceding the Late General Election. – London : A. L. Humphreys, 1906       

Liberalism and the Social Problem. – London : Hodder & Stoughton, 1909 

The People's Rights. – London : Hodder & Stoughton, 1910    

Prison and Prisoners : A Speech Delivered in the House of Commons, 20th July, 1910. – London ; New York : Cassell & Co., 1910

India : Speeches and an Introduction. – London : Thornton Butterworth, 1931

Arms and the Covenant : Speeches/ edited by Randolph S. Churchill. – London : G. G. Harrap & Co., 1938. – Izšlo tudi kot: While England Slept : A Survey of World Affairs. – New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1938   

A Speech by the Prime Minister, the Right Honourable Winston Churchill in the House of Commons, August 20th, 1940. –London : Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1940 

The War Speeches. – London : Cassell & Co., 1941-1946. – 7 zv. – Vsebina: Vol. 1: Into Battle : Speeches / edited by Randolph S. Churchill. – 1941. – Izšlo tudi kot: Blood, Sweat and Tears. – New York : G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1941 ; Vol. 2: The Unrelenting Struggle : War Speeches / edited by Charles Eade. – 1942 ; Vol. 3: The End of the Beginning : War Speeches / edited by Charles Eade. – 1943 ; Vol. 4: Onwards to Victory : War Speeches / edited by Charles Eade. – 1944 ; Vol. 5: The Dawn of Liberation : War Speeches / edited by Charles Eade. – 1945 ; Vol. 6: Victory : War Speeches / edited by Charles Eade. – 1946 ; Vol. 7: Secret Session Speeches / edited by Charles Eade. – 1946. – Izšlo tudi kot: Winston Churchill's Secret Session Speeches. – New York : Simon & Schuster, 1946

War Speeches : 1940-1945. – London : Cassell & Co., 1946 

The People's Peril – And the Way Out : A Speech in the House of Commons on March 12th, 1947. – London : St. Clements Press for the Conservative and Unionist Central Office, 1947 

Set the People Free : A Broadcast Talk by the Rt. Hon. Winston Churchill, 14th February, 1948. – London : St. Clements Press for the Conservative and Unionist Central Office, 1948   

The Sinews of Peace : Post-War Speeches / edited by Randolph S. Churchill. – London : Cassell & Co., 1948     

Europe Unite : Speeches 1947 and 1948 / edited by Randolph S. Churchill. – London : Cassell & Co. in Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1950   

In the Balance : Speeches 1949 and 1950 / edited by Randolph S. Churchill. – London : Cassell & Co., 1951 

Stemming the Tide : Speeches 1951 and 1952 / edited by Randolph S. Churchill. – London : Cassell & Co., 1953 

The Unwritten Alliance : Speeches 1953 to 1959 /edited by Randolph S. Churchill. – London : Cassell & Co., 1961 

The War Speeches of the Rt. Hon. Winston S. Churchill, O. M., C. H., P. C., M. P./ edited by Charles Eade. – London : Cassell & Co., 1952. 3 zv.  

Winston S. Churchill : His Complete Speeches 1897-1963 / edited by Robert Rhodes James. – New York : Chelsea House, 1974. – 8 zv.  

Never Give In! : The Best of Winston Churchill’s Speeches / selected and edited by his grandson Winston S. Churchill. – New York : Hyperion in  London : Pimlico, 2003   


BIOGRAFIJE

Lord Randolph Churchill. – London ; New York : Macmillan & Co., 1906. – 2 zv.     

My Early Life : A Roving Commission. – London : Thornton Butterworth, 1930. – Izšlo tudi kot: A Roving Commission: My Early Life. – New York : C. Scribner’s Sons, 1930    

Marlborough : His Life and Times. – London : G. G. Harrap & Co. in New York : C. Scribner’s Sons, 1933-1938. – 4 zv.

Blenheim. – London : G. G. Harrap & Co., 1941

Great Contemporaries. – London : Thornton Butterworth in New York : G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1937    


DRUGO

The Story of the Malakand Field Force : An Episode of Frontier War. – London ; New York : Longmans, Green & Co., 1898 

The River War : An Historical Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan. – London ; New York : Longmans, Green & Co., 1899. – 2 zv.    

London to Ladysmith via Pretoria. – London ; New York : Longmans, Green & Co., 1900

Ian Hamilton's March : Together with Extracts from the Diary of Lieutenant H. Frankland, a Prisoner of War at Pretoria. – London ; New York : Longmans, Green & Co. in  Toronto : Copp, Clark & Co., 1900      

Why I Am a Free Trader /edited by W. T. Stead. – London : [Review of reviews], 1905 

My African Journey. – London : Hodder & Stoughton, 1908 

The World Crisis. – London : Thornton Butterworth in New York : C. Scribner’s Sons, 1923-1931. – 6 zv.  

Shall We Commit Suicide?New York : Eilert Printing Co., 1924 

Parliamentary Government and the Economic Problem : The Romanes Lecture Delivered in the Sheldonian Theatre, 19 June 1930. – Oxford : The Clarendon Press, 1930

The World Crisis. – Abridged and revised ed. – London : Thornton Butterwoth in New York : C. Scribner’s Sons, 1931

Thoughts and Adventures. – London : Thorton Butterworth, 1932. – Izšlo tudi kot: Amid These Storms: Thoughts and Adventures. – New York : C. Scribner’s Sons, 1932   

Step by Step : 1936-1939. – London : Thornton Butterworth in New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons,  1939 

Pictures of the Prime Minister’s Big Trip and Quotations from His Speeches. – London ; Turnbridge Wells : Photochrom Co., 1942 

Painting as a Pastime. – London : Odhams Press, 1948 

The Second World War. – Boston : Houghton Mifflin Co. inLondon : Cassell & Co., 1948-1953. – 6 zv. – Vsebina: Vol. 1: The Gathering Storm. –1948 ; Vol. 2: Their Finest Hour. – 1949 ; Vol. 3: The Grand Alliance. – 1950 ; Vol. 4: The Hinge of Fate. – 1951 ; Vol. 5: Closing the Ring. – 1952 ;   Vol. 6: Triumph and Tragedy. – 1953 

A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. – London : Cassell & Co. in New York : Dodd, Mead, 1956-1958. – 4 zv. – Vsebina: Vol. 1: The Birth of Britain. – 1956 ; Vol. 2: The New World. – 1957 ; Vol. 3: The Age of Revolution. –1957 ; Vol. 4: The Great Democracies. – 1958

The Second World War : Abridged One-Volume Edition with a New Epilogue on the Years 1945 to 1957. – London : Cassell & Co., 1959 

Memoirs of the Second World War. – Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1959 

The American Civil War. – London : Cassell & Co., 1961 

Frontiers and Wars. – New York : Harcourt Brace & World, 1962 

Great Destiny : Sixty Years of the Memorable Events in the Life of the Man of the Century Recounted in His Own Incomparable Words. – New York : G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1965 

Churchill on Men and Events : A Selection from Thoughts and Adventures and Great Contemporaries/ made by Andrew Scotland. – London : Ginn, 1965 

Joan of Arc : Her Life as Told by Winston Churchill in A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. – New York : Dodd, Mead, 1969 

Young Winston's Wars : The Original Despatches of Winston S. Churchill, War Correspondent : 1897-1900 / edited by Frederick Woods – London : L. Cooper in New York : Viking Press, 1972   

The Collected Works of Sir Winston Churchill. – Centenary limited ed. – London : Library of Imperial History, 1973-1976. – 34 zv.

If I Lived My Life Again/ compiled and edited by Jack Fishman.– London : W. H. Allen & Co., 1974 

The Collected Essays of Sir Winston Churchill /edited by Michael Wolff. – London : Library of Imperial History, 1976. 4 zv.

Churchill & Roosevelt : The Complete Correspondence/ edited with commentary by Warren F. Kimball. – Princeton (N. J.) : Princeton University Press, 1984   

The Chartwell Bulletins : January-June 1935/ edited by Martin Gilbert. – [S. l.] (N. H.) : International Churchill Society, 1989    

The Churchill-Eisenhower Correspondence : 1953-1955 / edited by Peter G. Boyle. – Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press, 1990 

Memoirs of the Second World War : An Abridgement of the Six Volumes of the Second World War with an Epilogue by the Author on the Postwar Years. – Boston : Houghton Mifflin, 1990

Winston S. Churchill : War Correspondent 1895-1900/ edited by Frederick Woods. – New rev. ed. – London : Brassey's, 1992  

The Churchill War Papers / [compiled by] Martin Gilbert. – London : W. Heinemann , 1993-2000. – 3 zv.

Correspondence : 1937-1964 / Winston Churchill and Emery Reves ; edited with an introduction and notes by Martin Gilbert . – Austin (Tex.) : University of Texas Press, 1997 

Speaking for Themselves : The Personal Letters of Winston and Clementine Churchill/ edited by their daughter Mary Soames. – London : Doubleday, 1998 

The Great Republic : A History of America /edited by Winston S. Churchill. – New York : Random House, 1999 

Prevodi v slovenščino

Jugoslavija in Evropa. V: Slovenska beseda. – ISSN 1855-1688. – Letn. 2, št. 3 (1938), str. 1.

Mož, ki je padel z ladje / prevedla Marinka Bohinc. V: Tedenska tribuna. – ISSN 0040-196X. – (7. sept. 1965), str. 13.

Moja mlada leta / prevedel in spremno besedo o avtorju napisal Stanko Jarc]. - V Ljubljani : Cankarjeva založba, 1976. – (Nobelovci ; 30). – Prevod dela: My Early Life

Druga svetovna vojna : z epilogom o povojnih letih / [prevedla Jože in Milena Zupančič]. - V Ljubljani : Borec, 1964. – Prevod dela: The Second World War and an Epilogue on the Years 1945 to 1957

Velike bitke druge svetovne vojne / izbral Giordano Bruno Guerri ; [prevedel Božidar Pahor ; slike izbrala Eileen Romano]. – Ljubljana : Mladinska knjiga, 1995. – Prevod dela: Le grandi battaglie della seconda guerra mondiale racontate da Winston Churchill ; izv. stv. nasl.: The History of the Second World War

Kritiški odzivi na Slovenskem

PLETERSKI, Janko: Avtentično pričevanje : Winston S. Churchill: Druga svetovna vojna. "Borec", 1964. V: Naši razgledi. - ISSN 0547-3276. - Leto 13, št. 24(311) (26. dec. 1964), str. 475.

JARC, STANKO: Spremna beseda o avtorju. V: Moja mlada leta / Winston Spencer Churchill. - V Ljubljani : Cankarjeva založba, 1976. - (Nobelovci ; 30). – Str. 351-369.

MUNDA, Jože: Churchill pri nas / Jože Munda. - V: Moja mlada leta / Winston Spencer Churchill. - V Ljubljani : Cankarjeva založba, 1976. - (Nobelovci ; 30). - Str. 370-371.

HRIBERŠEK BALKOVEC, Elizabeta: V znamenju "V" : Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874-1965). V: Slovenska vojska. - ISSN 1318-0681. - Št. 117 (10. maj 1996), str. 36.

VUGA, Davorin: Winston Churchill, Velike bitke druge svetovne vojne ... . - Ocena knjige. V: Zgodovinski časopis. - ISSN 0350-5774. - 51, št. 1 (1997), str. 149-152.

OZVALD, Branko: Plemiške zanimivosti v rodovniku Winstona Churchilla. V: Heraldica Slovenica. - ISSN 1408-5283. - 1, št. 2 (1998), str. 29-34.

REJC, Barbara: Med "posebnim odnosom" in evropsko idejo : Churchillove zunanjepolitične koncepcije : magistrsko delo. – Mentor Andrej Rahten. - Kranj : [B. Rejc], 2010. - Fakulteta za državne in evropske študije

PLEMENITAŠ,  Katja: The Art of Words in British Politics in the 20th Century : Chamberlain's and Churchill's of Language , a Comparative Analysis / Katja Plemenitaš, Eva Lina Friš, Nik Šabeder. V: Studia Historica Slovenica. – ISSN 1580-8122. – Letn. 13, št. 1 (2013), str. 265-290.

POVŠE, Valerija: Winston Churchill : diplomska naloga. – Mentor Dušan Nećak. - Ljubljana : [V. Povše], 2013. - Univ. v Ljubljani, Filozofska fakulteta, Oddelek za zgodovino

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